前缀 - 后缀


This Spanish grammar explained in English is brought to you by

Gran Canaria School of Languages.




GranCanariaSchool.com

 

Come and learn Spanish with us and enjoy our beaches and weather.





前缀



前缀用于词语前并与之连写,改变词意.

表示否定

表示重复

Anormal

Inmoral

Imposible

Deformar

Desaparecer

abnormal

unmoral

impossible

to deform

to disappear

Repasar

to review

表示数量

表示方位、状态或时间

Semicírculo

Monosílabo

Bisabuelo

Triángulo

semicircle

monosyllable

great-grandfather

triangle

Extraterrestre

Prever

Posguerra

Submarino

Transalpino

Ultramar

out of earth

to foresee

after the war

submarine

behind the Alps

beyond the sea


GranCanariaSchool.com

 

Come and learn Spanish with us and enjoy our beaches and weather.





后缀


后缀用于词语后并与之连写,改变词意.

具有指小作用:

Cigarrillo

cigarette

Pajarito

little bird

Mesilla

small table

Casita

small house


如果词语的最后一个字母为 "e" 或着辅音的话,则要加上 "-cillo", "-cito" 或 "-ito":

Hombrecito or Hombrecillo = small man


具有指大作用:

Sillón

armchair

Perrazo

big dog

Casona

big, old house

Bocaza

Big mouth

后缀azo也是“用...击打”的意思:

cañonazo

cannon-shot

bastonazo

truncheon-stroke

porrazo

truncheon-stroke

manotazo

hand-clash

balazo

bullet-shot

telefonazo

phone call

puñetazo

fist-blow

arañazo

deep scratch


表示贬义:

cuartucho

poor, cheap room

casucha

poor, cheap house