最重要的不规则动词

不规则动词


This Spanish grammar explained in English is brought to you by

Gran Canaria School of Languages.





GranCanariaSchool.com

 

Come and learn Spanish with us and enjoy our beaches and weather.





最重要的不规则动词



第一组

E 变成 IE:

calentar to warm

cerrar to close

comenzar to begin

despertar to wake up

empezar to start

negar to deny

nevar to snow

pensar to think

regar to water

sentar to sit down

serrar to saw

defender to defend

encender to light

entender to understand

perder to lose


该变化出现于陈述式现在时、虚拟式与命令式 (除了复数第一和第二人称外):

Present:

yo caliento

nosotros calentamos

vosotros calentais

Imperativ:

tú, calienta

nosotros, calentemos

vosotros, calentad


第二组


O (或 U) 变成 UE:

acordar to agree

almorzar to lunch

aprobar to approve/to pass

colgar to hang

contar to count

costar to cost

encontrar to find

mostrar to show

probar to prove

rodar to roll

rogar to beg

sonar to sound

soñar to dream

tostar to toast

jugar to play

doler to hurt

llover to rain

mover to move

morder to bite

oler to smell

soler to use to

volver to return


该变化出现于第一组所提到的时态和人称

Present:

yo vuelvo

nosotros volvemos

vosotros volveis

Imperative:

tú, vuelve

nosotros, volvamos

vosotros, volved


第三组


E 变成 I:

elegir to choose

freír to fry

medir to measure

pedir to ask for

reír to laugh

seguir to follow

servir to serve

vestir to dress

repetir to repeat


该变化出现于第一组和第二组所提到的时态和人称,还出现在简单过去时第三人称和虚拟式过去未完成时

Present:

elijo

elegimos

elegís

elige

elegid

+ Past tense:

eligió

eligieron

+ Imp. Conj.:

eligiera

+ Gerund:

eligiendo


第四组

E 变成 IE:

mentir

to lie

divertir

to amuse

sentir

to feel

advertir

to warn

arrepentirse

to repent


这些变化也出现于陈述式现在时、虚拟式与命令式。另外,在陈述式简单过去时第三人称、虚拟式未完成时,e 变成 i

Present:

miento

mentimos

mentís

miente

mintamos

+ Past tense:

mintió

mintieron

+ Imp. subj.:

mintiera

+ Gerund:

mintiendo