Plural forms of nouns


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FORMATION OF THE PLURAL



1. Nouns add S when the word ends in an unaccented vowel.

perro - perros

dog - dogs.

       

2. Nouns add ES when the word ends in a consonant or accented I or U.

mantel - manteles


tablecloth tablecloths

rubí- rubíes

ruby - rubies.

tabú- tabúes


Tabu - Tabus.


3. Nouns ending in Z change it to C in the plural.

lápiz - lápices

pencil - pencils.

       

4. Nouns ending in S have the same form in singular and plural.

el / los lunes

Monday(S)

la / las dosis

dosis

la /las tesis

thesis

el / los caos

chaos

el / los atlas

atlas

el / los paraguas

umbrella

Exception:  gas es.    Gas.

5. Some nouns change the place of the accent in the plural.

carácter - caracteres

character - characters

 

6. The plural-masculine form sometimes includes both genders.

los padres  =  el padre y la madre

the parents = father and mother

 

7. Some nouns are only plural.

las gafas

glasses

las afueras

outskirts

los gemelos

cufflinks


8. Some are double in number.

el pantalón - los pantalones    trousers