Spanish Demonstratives: Pronouns & Adjectives


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DEMONSTRATIVE ADJECTIVES AND PRONOUNS



near from the speaker

near from the hearer

far away from both

Masculine

ESTE / ESTOS

this / these

ESE / ESOS

that / those

AQUEL / AQUELLOS

that / those

Feminine

ESTA / ESTAS

this

ESA / ESAS

that / those

AQUELLA / AQUELLAS

that / those

Neuter

ESTO

the thing here

ESO

the thing there

AQUELLO

the thing there


- It is a pronoun if it replaces a noun.

esta me gusta.

I like this one.


- It is an adjective if it comes before a noun.

ese libro me gusta.

I like that book.


- They correspond to the the adverbs of place: aquí, ahí, allí.

Aquí (este)

Ahí (ese)

Allí (aquel)

Here (this)

There (that)

There (that)


- The neuters (only as pronouns) refers to some not defined thing, (plural or singular).

¿Qué es esto?

¿Qué es eso?

What is this here?

What is that there?


- The personal pronoun "ello" is like a neuter demonstrative, similar to "esto".

Ello es verdad = eso es verdad.

Por ello = por eso.

It is true

That is why