Indefinite pronouns and adjectives


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INDEFINITE PRONOUNS AND ADJECTIVES



ALGO

something

- For things in the affirmative or interrogative form.

¿Hay algo aquí?

Sí, hay algo.

Is there anything here?

Yes, there is something.

NADA

nothing

- For things in the negative form.

- If it precedes a verb this will be accompanied by the negative adverb "NO".

Nada hay

or

No hay nada.

There is nothing

ALGUIEN

anybody

somebody

-For persons in the affirmative or interrogative form.

¿Hay alguien aquí?

Sí, hay alguien.

Is here anybody?

Yes there is somebody.

NADIE

no one

- For persons in the negative form.

- If it precedes a verb this will be accompanied by the negative adverb "NO".

Nadie lo dice,

or

No lo dice nadie.

Nobody says it.

ALGUNO-A/S

some (any)

- For certain persons and things in the affirmative or interrogative form.

¿Tienes algunos libros?

Sí tengo algunos.

Have you any books? Yes I have some.

- The plural algunos / as can be substituted by unos / as.

NINGUNO-A

nobody

- For certain persons and things in the negative form.

- If it follows a verb this one will be accompanied by the negative adverb "NO".

Ninguno estaba allí.

or

Allí no estaba ninguno.

Nobody was there.

or:

There, was nobody


- Alguno and ninguno, as masculine adjectives, preceding a noun, loose the ending "O".

¿Tiene algún plan?

No tengo ningún libro.

Has he any plan?

I have no books.

CADA

each

- The gender is invariable. But as a pronoun it can be "cada uno" or "cada una", (both genders).

- It comes always before a noun..

Cada alumno tiene un libro.

Cada chica tiene un sombrero.

Each boy has a book.

Each girl has a hat.

SE

people (they)

- Invariable.

Se dice que llegarán pronto.

Se alquila - Se vende.

Se busca.

(Aquí) Se habla español).

They say / it is said they will arrive soon.

For rent - For sale.

Wanted.

Spanish spoken (here).

CUALQUIERA

anybody

- Invariable.

Preceding a noun (as an adjective) it looses the ending "A".

Cualquiera puede hacer eso.

Cualquier hombre..

Cualquier mujer.

Anybody can do that.

Any man.

Any woman.

VARIOS-AS

several

Tiene varios hijos y varias hijas.

He has several sons and daughters.

TAL-TALES

such

No hablo con tales personas.

I don't speak with such people.

MUCHO-A/S

many

Muchos lo quieren así

Many people want it that way.

POCO-A/S

litle

few

Tengo pocas ganas de ir.

I have little interest to go.

BASTANTE-S

enough

Tengo bastante dinero.

I have enough money.

OTROS-A/S

other

- It can be accompanied by a definite article but never by a indefinite one.

Uno dijo sí, el otro dijo no.

One said yes, the other said no.

MISMO-A/S

same

Hace el mismo trabajo cada día.

He performs the same work every day.

CIERTO-A/S

certain

Tenemos ciertos problemas.

We have certain problems.

TODO-A/S

all

Todos estuvieron de acuerdo.

All of them agreed.