Placement, number and gender of adjectives


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PLACEMENT, NUMBER AND GENDER OF ADJECTIVES



a) Placement


- The adjectives follow the nouns with same gender and number.

La casa blanca.

The white house.

Los perros negros.

The black dogs.

   

But they can also precede the nouns in order to reinforce the effect of the adjective.

In that case "bueno" (good) and "malo" (bad) loose the "-o" and "grande" looses the ending "-de".

Un maravilloso coche.

A wonderfull car.

Una inmensa casa.

A huge house.

Un buen soldado.

A good soldier.

Un gran palacio.

A great palace.


- MUCHO (much), POCO (little) and OTRO (other) always precede the noun.

Mucho dinero

Much money.

Poco dinero

Little money.

Otro libro

Another book.



b) The number

(Follows same rules as for the nouns).


- To form the plural, the adjective takes an S if it finishes on a non-stressed vowel.

Caro - Caros

Expensive

 

- The adjective takes "ES" if it ends with a consonant or a stressed "í"

Feliz - Felices

Happy

Marroquí- Marroquíes

Moroccan



c) The gender


- Adjectives ending with an "O" changes it on "A" to make the feminine.

Libro barato

Cheap book.

Camisa barata

Cheap shirt.


- Other adjectives never change:

Un hombre importante

An important man.

Una mujer importante

An important woman.