Conjunctions


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CONJUNCTIONS

(The most important)



Y,E

and

- "Y" changes to "E" if the following word starts with "i".

Francia e Inglaterra.

France and England

O, U

or

- "O" changes to "U" if the following word starts by a stressed "o".

Uno u otro.

One or the other

NI ... Ni

neither... nor

- If "NI" is preceded by a verb this must be in the negative form.

No tengo ni sed ni hambre.

I am neither thirsty nor hungry.

PERO

but

- MAS, (with no accent), has a similar meaning as "pero".

Fui a verle, pero (mas) no estaba.

I went to see him but he was not there.

- Other similar conjunctions are: "sin embargo", "no obstante"

SINO

but

- It is only used in negative sentences.

No es alemán, sino austriaco.

No anda sino que corre.

He is not German but Austrian.

He doesn't walk but runs.

"SINO QUE" has similar meaning but it precedes a verb.

PORQUE

because

- Other similar conjunctions are: "puesto que", "ya que" and "pues".

Trabajo porque lo necesito.

I work because I need it.

PUES

thus/so

Me llamaste, pues aquí estoy (así pues).

You called me thus/so here I am.

DE MODO QUE

so that

- Other similar conjunctions are: "de forma que", "de manera que".

Enfermó de modo que no pudo ir a trabajar.

He got ill so that he could not go to work.

QUE

that

- Preceded by verbs expressing feeling, wishes, fears, doubts or possibilities, the conjunction "QUE" is followed by a verb in the subjunctive form.

Deseo que llegue.

I wish that he arrives.

SI

if

whether

- Indicates a doubt:

No sé si vendrá.

I don't know whether he will come.


- Or a condition:

Si tengo dinero, lo compraré.

Si viniera le vería.

If I have money I will buy it.

If he came I would see him

**

PARA QUE

in order to,

so that

Voy para que me vea.

(a fin de que).

I go so that he sees me.

*

CUANDO

as soon as

Vendrá cuando pueda.

(así que; tan pronto como).

He will arrive as soon as he can.

**

ANTES DE QUE

before

Llegaremos antes de que sea tarde.

We will arrive before it is too late.

**

DESPUÉS DE QUE

after

Lo creerán después de que lo vean.

They will believe it after seeing it.

*

MIENTRAS

while

Fumarán mientras dure su dinero.

They will smoke while their money lasts.

*

AUNQUE

even

Iré a verte aunque no quieras

(aun cuando, por más que).

I will go to see you even if you don't want it.

**

SIN QUE

without

No sale sin que le den permiso.

He doesn't go out without getting permission.

**

SIEMPRE QUE

as long as

Lo creo siempre que me lo asegures

(con tal que, a condición de que).

I believe it as long as you will assured it to me.

- The conjunctions marked with one * can never be followed by a future but will be substituted by a subjunctive. (They admit the present o the past time).

left>

Iré aunque no esté. I shall go even if he is not there.

 

- The marked with two ** are always followed by a subjunctive.

Se lo digo a Ud. para que lo haga. I tell you this so that you will do it.