Irregular verbs

Irregularities of verbs


This Spanish grammar explained in English is brought to you by

Gran Canaria School of Languages.





GranCanariaSchool.com

 

Come and learn Spanish with us and enjoy our beaches and weather.





IRREGULAR VERBS



Group I

E changes to IE:

calentar to warm

cerrar to close

comenzar to begin

despertar to wake up

empezar to start

negar to deny

nevar to snow

pensar to think

regar to water

sentar to sit down

serrar to saw

defender to defend

encender to light

entender to understand

perder to lose


These changes take place in the present of indicative and subjunctive as well as in the imperative (except in the fist and second person plural):

Present:

yo caliento

nosotros calentamos

vosotros calentais

Imperativ:

tú, calienta

nosotros, calentemos

vosotros, calentad


Group II


O (or U) changes to UE:

acordar to agree

almorzar to lunch

aprobar to approve/to pass

colgar to hang

contar to count

costar to cost

encontrar to find

mostrar to show

probar to prove

rodar to roll

rogar to beg

sonar to sound

soñar to dream

tostar to toast

jugar to play

doler to hurt

llover to rain

mover to move

morder to bite

oler to smell

soler to use to

volver to return


The changes take place in the same tenses, moods and persons as in group I:

Present:

yo vuelvo

nosotros volvemos

vosotros volveis

Imperative:

tú, vuelve

nosotros, volvamos

vosotros, volved


Group III


E changes to I:

elegir to choose

freír to fry

medir to measure

pedir to ask for

reír to laugh

seguir to follow

servir to serve

vestir to dress

repetir to repeat


The changes take place in the same tenses, moods and persons as in group I and II as well as in the third person of the past tense and the imperfect of subjunctive and in the gerund.

Present:

elijo

elegimos

elegís

elige

elegid

+ Past tense:

eligió

eligieron

+ Imp. Conj.:

eligiera

+ Gerund:

eligiendo


Group IV

E changes to IE:

mentir

to lie

divertir

to amuse

sentir

to feel

advertir

to warn

arrepentirse

to repent


The changes take place in the same tenses, moods and persons as in group I and also the "e" changes to "i" in the third person of the past tense, in the imperfect of subjunctive and in the gerund.

Present:

miento

mentimos

mentís

miente

mintamos

+ Past tense:

mintió

mintieron

+ Imp. subj.:

mintiera

+ Gerund:

mintiendo