Personal Pronombres







PERSONAL Pronombres



1

subject

2

indirect object

3

direct object

4

reflexive

5

with preposition

6

Possessive Pronombres

7

Possessive Adjetivos

Yo

Él

Ella

Usted

 

Nosotros/as

Vosotros/as

 

Ellos

Ellas

Ustedes

Me

Te

 

} Le (se)

 

 

Nos

Os

 

 

} Les (se)

Me

Te

Lo

La

Lo/La

 

Nos

Os

 

Los

Las

Los/Las

Me

Te

 

} Se

 

 

Nos

Os

 

 

} Se

Ti

Él (ello)

Ella

Usted

 

Nosotros/as

Vosotros/as

 

Ellos

Ellas

Ustedes

Mío/a/s

Tuyo/a/s

 

 

} Suyo/a/s

 

 

Nuestro/a/s

Vuestro-a/s

 

 

} Suyo/a/s

Mi-s

Tu-s

 

 

} Su-s

 

 

Nuestro-a/s

Vuestro-a/s

 

 

} Su-s


1. The subject personal pronoun: yo, tú, él, ella, nosotros/as, vosotros/as (courtesy form usted/ustedes = Usted/Ustedes), ellos, ellas.

- and él have an accent in order to be distinguished from tu (your, poss. adjective) and el (definite article).

Tú coges tu libro

You take your book.

- In general the subject personal pronoun is not much used, because the endings in the Verbos show who is the subject, (except with él or ella and their plural).

Salgo de casa.

I go out of the house.


- Nevertheless, it will be used if we want to stress who is the subject of a sentence.

Yo lo haré, no tú

I will do it, not you


2. Indirect Pronombres: to me, to you, to him / her, to us, to you, to them.

-LE and LES change to SE before the direct Pronombres LO, LA, LOS, LAS.

Se lo diré mañana.

I will tell him (her) tomorrow.


3. Direct Pronombres: me, you, him, her, it, us, you, them.

Mi amigo está aquí, lo veo.

Mis amigos están aquí, los veo.

Mi amiga está aquí, la veo.

Mis amigas están aquí, las veo.

My boy-friend is here, I see him.

My boy-friends are here, I see them.

My girl-friend is here, I see her.

My girl-friends are here, I see them.


4. Reflexive Pronombres: myself, yourself, himself, herself, oneself, ourselves, yourselves, themselves


The infinitive of Verbos reflexivos are followed by the third person pronoun SE and forming a unique word.

lavarse, mirarse

to wash oneself, to look at oneself.


5. Personal Pronombres with preposition: for me, for you, ...etc.

- ÉL, ELLA, USTED. and their plural changes to "", if the subject is the same as the complement.

Él lo toma para (para él, ella, etc. mismo/a).

He takes it for himself (herself, etc).

- "" has an accent in order to be distinguished from the conditional conjunction "si" .

- The preposition CON before MÍ, TI and changes to: conmigo, contigo, consigo.

- ELLO means some indefinite thing. (it)

Hablo de ello.

I speak about it.

6. Possesive Pronombres: they can be preceeded by an article: el mío, la mía, los míos, las mías.

- It replaces a noun or it comes directly after it.

Tu coche es rojo, el mío blanco.

Your car is red, mine is white.

¡Dios mío!

My God!


7. Possessive adjective: my, your, his, her, our, your, their.

- They are placed before the nouns.

Mi jardín. My garden.


- MI, TU, SU are the same for both genders.

Mi padre - Mi madre.

My father - My mother.


Note: A personal direct or indirect pronoun preceded by an n A, can accompany another personal pronoun of same person. With this repetition the power of the sentence will be reinforced.

A mí me gusta el mar.

A ti te veo todos los días.

I like the sea.

I see you every day


Position of direct and indirect Pronombres:

a) After the verb and forming a unique word if the Pronombres accompany a:

- Infinitive:

darle

to give him

verlo

to see it

levantarse

to stand up

- Gerund:

dándole

giving him

viéndolo

seeing it

levantándose

standing up

- Imperative:

dale

give him

véanlo

see it

levántese

stand up


b) Before the verb and separated if it goes with an indicative or subjunctive:

te doy, lo veo, te levantarás. I give to you, I see it, you will get up.


c) In case of two personal complement Pronombres, first comes the indirect and then the direct.

dárselo

to give it to him

dándomelo

giving it to me

noslas

give them to us

se lo digo

I say it to him

nos las traerá

he will bring them to us


d) If a sentence has a verb in infinitive (or gerund) and another in indicative, the placement will be as follows:


- After the infinitive (or gerund) and in a unique word:

Quiero dártelo. I want to give it to you.


- Or before the indicative (or subjunctive) and separated from it.

Te lo quiero dar. I want to give it to you.