Pronombres relativos






Pronombres relativos



QUE

who

which

that

- It can relate to the subject or to the object case and can also be preceded by a preposition or a definite article (él, la, los, las).


- It is invariable and serves for both genders and numbers, for persons, things or animals.

El hombre que viene.

La mujer que va.

El perro que veo.

Las peras que como.

La empresa para la que trabajo.

The man who comes.

The woman who goes.

The dog that I see.

The pears that I eat.

The company I work for.

El CUAL / LA CUAL

LOS CUALES / LAS CUALES

which

- It is always accompanied by the definite article and can be preceded by a preposition.

- It is used for persons or things

- After a noun can be used QUE as well as CUAL.

La casa en la cual (en la que) vivo.

The house in which I live.

QUIEN/ES

who

whom

- Only for persons.

- Can be preceded by a preposition.

- I can be replaced by QUE or CUAL if it is accompanied by a pronoun and a definite article.

El hombre con quien (con el que, con el cual) hablo es mi primo.

The man I speak with is my cousin.

LO QUE

what

- It is used as a neuter form = "la cosa que" (the thing that)

Esto es lo que quiero.

This is what I want.



CUYO-A / S

whose

- It relates to the possession case

- It has the same meaning (in the masculine and singular) as DE QUE, DEL CUAL, DE QUIEN.

- Is used for persons or things.

- The gender and number depends of the possessed thing and not of the possessor.

El hombre cuyas hijas conozco es inglés.

The man, whose daughters I know, is an Englishman.



CUANTO

all

as much

- It relates to the quantity.

"Todo lo que" or "tanto como" (as much as) have the same meaning as "cuanto".

Gasto todo cuanto (lo que) quiero.

Or:

Gasto tanto como quiero.

I spend as much as I want

DONDE

where

- It relates to a certain place.

- It has the same meaning as "el lugar en que" (the place where)

Fue en Madrid donde nació

It was in Madrid, where he was born.