Prefixes and Suffixes






PREFIXES



There are elements, situated before a noun and forming a single word in order to indicate or to change the meaning of some words.

Negation

Repetition

Anormal

Inmoral

Imposible

Deformar

Desaparecer

abnormal

unmoral

impossible

to deform

to disappear

Repasar

to review

Quantity

Place

Semicírculo

Monosílabo

Bisabuelo

Triángulo

semicircle

monosyllable

great-grandfather

triangle

Extraterrestre

Prever

Posguerra

Submarino

Transalpino

Ultramar

out of earth

to foresee

after the war

submarine

behind the Alps

beyond the sea






SUFFIXES


They have the same effect as the prefixes, but they are placed after the words.

Diminutives:

Cigarrillo

cigarette

Pajarito

little bird

Mesilla

small table

Casita

small house


If the noun finishes with "-E" or a consonant, "-CILLO" or "-CITO" will be added:

Hombrecito or Hombrecillo = small man


Augmentatives:

Sillón

armchair

Perrazo

big dog

Casona

big, old house

Bocaza

Big mouth

The suffix "-azo" also means stroke:

cañonazo

cannon-shot

bastonazo

truncheon-stroke

porrazo

truncheon-stroke

manotazo

hand-clash

balazo

bullet-shot

telefonazo

phone call

puñetazo

fist-blow

arañazo

deep scratch


Despisering:

cuartucho

poor, cheap room

casucha

poor, cheap house